make up work and class notes

Make sure you check this page if you are absent. It is also a good idea to check in preparation for the Friday quizzes.  If you miss a quiz or test you will have until the following Friday to make it up.

You will take a test in January on the fifty states, five Great Lakes, ten cities and 15 rivers.  I expect several 100s.

20 November

muckraker- people who wrote about problems in
late 1800s and early 1900s people began to want regulation of business to fix problems
Progressive Era- early 1900s
      more government action to fix problems
capitalism- economic system with privately owned
      limited government involvement
socialism- government ownership of business
laissez-faire- leave alone- government stays out
      of the economy

16 November

old immigration
     from northern and Western Europe
new immigration
      from southern and Eastern Europe
      about 1880-1924
Ellis Island
      New York City
      processing facility for immigrants
watched The Immigrant Experience- the video about Janek
all rivers are fair game for tomorrow's quiz

15 November

rivers on Friday's quiz
bead Homestead steel strike article and write a summary
craft union- skilled workers
a labor union is a group of workers who join together to accomplish their goals
individually each worker is weak compared to the company- together they are stronger
union goals
      better working condition
      shorter hours with no pay cut
      better pay or at least no pay cut

13 November

midterm exam time

8 November

federalism- power is divided between states and the national government

federalists- supported ratification (approval) of the Constitution

antifederalists did not support the Constitution

Jamestown- first permanent English settlement in
North America in 1607

Thomas Jefferson was president when we bought Louisiana Territory from the French

General Wolfe was a British general in the French and Indian War (1754-1763)
      Wolfeboro is named for him

Andrew Carnegie got rich in the steel business
       Pittsburgh PA was big steel city
       late 1800s

Compromise of 1850
       North and South
       about slavery
       included the Fugitive Slave Act (a fugitive slave was a runaway slave)
rivers on the midterm
        Hudson, Rio Grande, Mississippi, Columbia,
        Missouri, Ohio, Yukon, Merrimack,
        Platte and the Potomac

Mexican American War
      US won and gained land- CA, NV, AZ

7 November

industrialization benefits
     more convenience- new inventions
     more efficient- lead to lower prices
     economies of scale- the bigger a business gets
          its cost per unit of production goes down
     improved transportation and communication
     job opportunities
industrialization problems
    unsafe working conditions
    long hours
    unsanitary conditions
    reduced some skilled jobs- replaced them with
        machines and mindless repetitive jobs
    child labor

6 November

four factors of production
    1.  labor- people to do the work
    2.   raw materials- naturally occurring things
                   trees not 2x4s
     3. capital (equipment, tools)
     4. entrepreneurship- taking risks, running a

You will be writing an essay about industrialization.  Be looking for both good and bad elements about industrialization.

26 October

went over the rest of the inventions on the list
handed out inventions brochure assignment
come to class on Monday and then off to the library for inventions brochure project
Great Lakes videos
Great Lakes on quiz next Friday

25 October

introduction to West/Industrialization unit

Unit Enduring Understandings:

Settlement of the Western Frontier offered many new economic opportunities and challenges, but also caused tragedy and ruin for many Native American cultures.

For America there would be winners and losers, which would include the many “New Immigrants” as the nation became more industrialized during the late 19th century.

Development of new technologies transforms all aspects of society.

We did some fun drawings of technology that helped Americans settle the Plains, although the Indians had been there for a long time and had done well with their technology.
train, barbed wire, windmill, plow and sod house

24 October

more west slides
describe each of these:  Arches National Park, pika, Amanche Internment Camp, Bonneville Salt Flats

all fifty states will be fair game for Friday's quiz

23 October

the West
      starts at 98 degrees west
      sparsely populated except cities
      few trees except mountains, by streams and in
      high in elevation
      looked at some slides- west pictures

19 October

      after the Civil War (1865-1877)
      putting the southern states back into the US
President Johnson was impeached
      impeached means to be accused of a crime
13th Amendment (1865)- ended slavery
14th Amendment (1868)- said African Americans
      were US citizens     
15th Amendment (1870)- black men could vote

16 October

major battles
     Ft. Sumter
          first shooting of the war
      Bull Run
          first major battle of the war
          Confederate victory
           single bloodiest day of the war
           Union victory after which Lincoln issued
           his Emancipation Proclamation
       Appomattox Court House
           basically ends the war
           Lee surrendered to Grant

12 October

watched more of the Civil War video
General Jackson (South)
      Valley Campaign in 1862
              attacked Union forces and moved fast to next attack
              kept Union forces around Washington DC so they could not help General McClellan
      nickname was Stonewall
General Lee (South)
      willing to attack
      did the unexpected
      knew how to beat McClellan
General Magruder (South)
      tricked McClellan into thinking Magruder had more men than he did
General Grant (North)
       very aggressive and calm under fire
        lost first day at Shiloh but fought back the next day and won the battle- did not give up
General Sherman (North)
        march to Savannah from Atlanta
        good general

quiz tomorrow

11 October

talked about life of a soldier
       most were farmers
       average age was 25- some much younger
       most of the time in camps training and bored
       1-2 months of the year spent marching
        2 weeks or so of the year spent fighting
Ft. Sumter
      in Charleston SC
      North had to go on the offensive but Lincoln did not want the North to fire the first shot
      Lincoln told SC that supply ship was headed to Ft. Sumter
      SC fired on the fort which caused folks in the North to rally around the flag and join the army
      nobody died in the atttack

10 October

1860 map and questions
border states-  slave states that did not secede
     secede means to leave the country
     MO, KY, DE, MD and later WV
     B states on your map

6 October

civil war-  war within a country
Civil War
      North vs. South

North                             South

blue                                gray and red
USA                               CSA  (Confederate
                                       States of America)
wanted to keep               wanted to break away and
country together              form own country
Yankees                          Rebels
Billy Yank                      Johnny Reb
General Grant                General Lee
President Lincoln           President Jefferson Davis
Washington DC              Richmond

5 October

worked on timelines
read chapter on President Lincoln- president during the Civil War
Civil War - 1861-1865

2 October

new states this week are TX, OK, KS, NE, SD, and ND
new land in the 1840s led to big debate about slavery in that land
     north got California as a free state
     south got a Fugitive Slave Law
            fugitive slave was an escaped slave
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
       said people in KS and NE territories could
       vote to decide if slave or not slave territory
       led to violent conflict between pro slavery
       and anti slavery people- hundreds died

28 September

completed Manifest Destiny map
Manifest Destiny
       the idea the US would expand coast to coast

27 September

War of 1812
      1812-1814 or 1815
       US against Great Britain
       Why did US go to war?
              stated reason was to protect shipping
              try to get Canada
        last major battle was New Orleans  (1815)
        Treaty of Ghent ended war (1814)

year without summer- 1816 due to massive volcanic eruptions in the Pacific

colored Manifest Destiny map

26 September

War of 1812 map homework is due tomorrow
went over yesterday's worksheet on chapter 30 (War of 1812)
Why did the US declare war on Britain in 1812?
short video on muskets and the War of 1812
privateer- private ship with permission to attack enemy merchant ships
Defense of Ft. McHenry
Battle of New Orleans

25 September

get homework- map due Wednesday
read chapter 30 and complete the worksheet on the War of 1812
new states for this week are Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, and Louisiana

21 September

US declared independence from Britain in 1776
US Constitution was written in 1787
Louisiana Purchase 1803-  bought from France
Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery explored the Louisiana Purchase from 1804-1806
idea of rivers as highways
complete Louisiana Purchase map

homework due tomorrow- Growth of US by 1860 map

quiz tomorrow with all states east of the Mississippi River

20 September

Articles of Confederation
      US government before the Constitution
      made a weak central government
in 1787 the Constitution written to replace Articles
Great Compromise
        part of the Constitution
        deals with representation in Congress
        large states wanted representation based on population
        small states wanted each state represented equally
        compromise was to have House of Representatives based on population and the Senate each
        state having two senators
looked at drawings from life in 1805- be able to tell three things about life then
Google Earth and the Mississippi River

19 September

library for compromises project

18  September

cool song about compromises
make sure you know all of the states east of the Mississippi River
tariff is a tax on imports
fun article on dairy farming in New England
      importance of railroads in transporting milk
      importance of cutting ice from ponds for refergeration

15 September

make up quiz
new states for next week's quiz:  WI, MI, IN, IL, AL, and MS
make up questions
     Where and when was the US Constitution written?  The Declaration of Independence?
     What was the USS Becuna and when was it active?
     What battles was the USS Olympia involved in?
     Where are these two boats now?
     Why were whales hunted in the 19th century?
     What is a Nantucket sleigh ride?

14 September

Patrick Henry
     became a lawyer
     against the Stamp Act
            Britain made Stamp Act to pay for
            the French and Indian War
            Henry said tax unfair because colonists
            had no say on the tax
disputes over taxes led to American Revolution
American Revolution
       goal of Americans was to break away from
       Britain and form own country
       first battle in Lexington and Concord MA
                 April 1775
       Battle of Saratoga in NY in 1777
                 Americans won so French helped the
       last battle in Yorktown VA in 1781

quiz tomorrow

11 September

new states this week are VT, WV, KY, TN, and OH
talked about the Clark House museum
field trip on Wednesday- get to class early
read chapter 9 about Patrick Henry
French and Indian War (1754-1763) was very expensive so the British government started to tax the American colonists more to help pay for the war
         the colonists resisted
         this would lead to the American Revolution starting in 1775
remember to ask me about Newcastle, Paul Revere and 1774

6 September

finished going over industrial revolution worksheet
labor movement-  workers trying to get better working conditions
Industrial Revolution was in the early 1800s and was when making things went from hand made at home to machine made in mills and factories
textile mills make cloth
early mills were powered by water
mechanized means using machines to get work done
mass production is making lots of the same thing with machines
circumvented- getting around a rule

We worked on history of your town.  Be able to tell about three things you learned about your town.

Map homework is due Friday.

7 September


  1. a country or area under the full or partial  control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country.

first Europeans to have a colony in America was the Spanish in Florida

first permanent English colony in America was Jamestown in Virginia- settled in 1607

1754 map
1754 Britain and France go to war
      Britain won
      General Wolfe (Wolfeboro) won a 
      big battle in Quebec
      1763 war ends and and France is kicked
       out of North America

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