make up work and class notes

Make sure you check this page if you are absent. It is also a good idea to check in preparation for the Friday quizzes.  If you miss a quiz or test you will have until the following Friday to make it up.

You will take a test in January on the fifty states, five Great Lakes, ten cities and 15 rivers.  I expect several 100s.

12 January

Friday quiz
worked on Cold War projects
geography test next week

11 January

     1964  North Vietnamese boats fired on a US
     warship in the Gulf of Tonkin
          US responded with the Gulf of Tonkin
          Resolution saying US could send troops to
      1965 US sent first ground troops to Vietnam
        1968 Tet Offensive
               North Vietnamese troops attacked all
               over South Vietnam
     1973 war was over
     1975  North Vietnam took over South Vietnam
 worked on country projects
quiz tomorrow with states

10 January

     had been a French colony
     Japan took over during WWII
     after WWII France wanted Vietnam back
     Vietnamese wanted independence
      US backed France because leader of
      Vietnamese was a communist
      1954 French were out and Vietnam was
      divided into North and South
              US backed South
9 January

Red Scare
    fear of communism taking over the US
    1st one in early 1920s
    2nd one in late 1940s-1950s
1957 Soviets put a satellite in space- Sputnik
     start of the space race
     US and USSR trying to show they were more
     advanced by going into space
     in 1969 the US landed two people on the

geography for Friday is states

worked on Cold War projects

geography questions are due tomorrow
8 January

     North Atlantic Treaty Organization
     US and most western European countries
     created to protect western Europe from a
     Soviet attack
Soviets response to NATO was to create the Warsaw Pact in 1955
       US policy during the Cold War
       stop the spread of communism
1948-1949 Berlin Blockade
       West Berlin is located in Soviet sector
        Soviets kept US out- blockade
        US and Britain sent in supplies by aircraft
Marshall Plan
       US would help provide aid to Europe
       would keep communists out

geography questions homework is due Wednesday

3 January

cold war
     conflict between countries without shooting
     competition on many levels
Cold War
     about 1945 to 1989
     west                          east

      US                           USSR and China
      western Europe       eastern Europe
      South Vietnam        North Vietnam
      South Korea            North Korea
      capitalism                socialism
      democracy               dictatorship
      more civil rights      limited civil rights
      more religious         officially atheist

at times the Cold War heated up and we had a real war
     US in Korea and Vietnam
     Soviets in Afghanistan

Cuba- Justin
Germany (East and West)-  Michael
Vietnam (North and South)- John
Korea (North and South)- Amanda
2 January 2018

countries for Friday's quiz
Great Britain
East and West Germany
South and North Korea
North and South Vietnam
Soviet Union

22 December

make up quiz
looked at Ms. Riley's World War II museum. Thanks.
Merry Christmas and happy new year.  Read some history- I will.

21 December

all states possible on tomorrow's quiz
essay needs a works cited- I have list of sources on my blog
also need internal documentation for essay

20 December

Explain rationing in WWII.
Why and how did US coins change during the war?
worked on FDR essay

19 December

What and where was Camp Stark?  What was it used for?
worked on FDR essay

18 December

watched War in the Pacific video
geography for Friday will be any of the fifty states
worked on FDR essay
bring in materials and ideas for battle project

15 December

World War II
      Allies against the Axis
           United States
           United Kingdom (Great Britain)
           USSR (Soviet Union)
two theaters of operation in the war
      European Theater against Germany and Italy
      Pacific Theater against Japan

14 December

more on the FDR video
     court packing
     Did the New Deal end the Depression?
     third and fourth terms for FDR
     FDR tried to keep US soldiers out of WW II by helping the British with supplies
     Japanese internment

13 December

fill out Europe and Asia World War II maps
looked at an article critical of FDR
listened to "Song of the South" and the key line was "daddy got a job with the TVA, he bought a washing machine and then a Chevrolet"
watched FDR video
       different views on his chaotic leadership style
       ability to communicate
       fireside chats
       New Deal agencies

12 December

snow day

11 December

countries for Friday's quiz
     Soviet Union
     Great Britain
worked on chapter 36 questions about the New Deal
You will be writing an essay about President Franklin Roosevelt.  You will need to defend or attack this statement.  FDR was a good president and deserves to be on the dime.

8 December

Mom's birthday
watched Great Depression video- with handout questions
      The handout cannot be used on the quiz, but you may copy the info into your notes to use
socialism- government ownership of business
capitalism- private ownership of business

7 December

own stock means you own part of a company
a person buys stock to make money
two main ways to make money with stock
     sell for more than you paid- capital gain
     get some of the profit- dividend
stock value determined by 
     supply and demand
     expected profits
buying on margin
     borrowing money to buy stock
1929 stock market crash
     prices of stock dropped lots
inflation- general rise in prices
                value of the dollar goes down
deflation- general decline in prices
                value of the dollar goes up
bond is a loan
     government and corporations sell bonds

5 December

introduction to the 1920s
    changing dress and roles of women- 19th Amendment
    Prohibition- 18th Amendment outlawed alcoholic beverages
    anti immigration attitudes so immigration was reduced in 1924
    homework due tomorrow

    cities for Friday's quiz

4 December 2017

World War I
      Allies against the Central Powers
           Great Britain
       Central Powers
           Ottoman Empire
       new technologies in the war
            poison gas
            machine guns
            tanks- at the end of the war
       much of the fighting was trench warfare
       the fighting ended 11 November 1918- hence Veterans Day on 11 November
       Treaty of Versailles worked out in 1919
              changed map of Europe
              created the League of Nations which the US did not join
              never ratified by the US
finished World War I video     

30 November

completion of the transcontinental railroad- 1869
Homestead Steel Strike- 1892
your invention
telephone invented- 1876
Janek came to the United States- 1907
started watching World War I video

29 November

listened to cool tunes about whalers and Hawaii
and a sea chantey that mentioned guano
finished reading about the Panama Canal
timeline from 1865 to 1920
       end of the Civil War- 1865
       US purchased Alaska- 1867
       US annexed Hawaii- 1898
       Spanish-American War- 1898
       US got Panama Canal Zone- 1903
       World War I starts in Europe- 1914
       US enters World War I- 1917
       World War I ends- 1918
28 November

imperialism- creating an empire

empire- when one group takes over other lands and people

in the late 1890s the US created an empire
    Hawaii- US annexed HI in 1898 
    War with Spain in 1898
          US gained Guam, Puerto Rico, the
          Philippines, and Guantanamo Bay in Cuba
    1916 US bought the Virgin Islands from
    in 1903 the US got Panama Canal Zone
started reading chapter on Panama Canal - p. 390

27 November

write a summary of each of these videos about corn bread
corn bread history video #1
corn bread history video #2
label these places on a world map for Friday's quiz
    Hawaii, Alaska,  Panama, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Great Britain, Spain, Russian, China, Japan,
    and the Philippines
US bought Alaska from Russian in 1867
      at first fur trapping was the big attraction
      1890s gold was discovered- oil would come later

20 November

muckraker- people who wrote about problems in
late 1800s and early 1900s people began to want regulation of business to fix problems
Progressive Era- early 1900s
      more government action to fix problems
capitalism- economic system with privately owned
      limited government involvement
socialism- government ownership of business
laissez-faire- leave alone- government stays out
      of the economy

16 November

old immigration
     from northern and Western Europe
new immigration
      from southern and Eastern Europe
      about 1880-1924
Ellis Island
      New York City
      processing facility for immigrants
watched The Immigrant Experience- the video about Janek
all rivers are fair game for tomorrow's quiz

15 November

rivers on Friday's quiz
bead Homestead steel strike article and write a summary
craft union- skilled workers
a labor union is a group of workers who join together to accomplish their goals
individually each worker is weak compared to the company- together they are stronger
union goals
      better working condition
      shorter hours with no pay cut
      better pay or at least no pay cut

13 November

midterm exam time

8 November

federalism- power is divided between states and the national government

federalists- supported ratification (approval) of the Constitution

antifederalists did not support the Constitution

Jamestown- first permanent English settlement in
North America in 1607

Thomas Jefferson was president when we bought Louisiana Territory from the French

General Wolfe was a British general in the French and Indian War (1754-1763)
      Wolfeboro is named for him

Andrew Carnegie got rich in the steel business
       Pittsburgh PA was big steel city
       late 1800s

Compromise of 1850
       North and South
       about slavery
       included the Fugitive Slave Act (a fugitive slave was a runaway slave)
rivers on the midterm
        Hudson, Rio Grande, Mississippi, Columbia,
        Missouri, Ohio, Yukon, Merrimack,
        Platte and the Potomac

Mexican American War
      US won and gained land- CA, NV, AZ

7 November

industrialization benefits
     more convenience- new inventions
     more efficient- lead to lower prices
     economies of scale- the bigger a business gets
          its cost per unit of production goes down
     improved transportation and communication
     job opportunities
industrialization problems
    unsafe working conditions
    long hours
    unsanitary conditions
    reduced some skilled jobs- replaced them with
        machines and mindless repetitive jobs
    child labor

6 November

four factors of production
    1.  labor- people to do the work
    2.   raw materials- naturally occurring things
                   trees not 2x4s
     3. capital (equipment, tools)
     4. entrepreneurship- taking risks, running a

You will be writing an essay about industrialization.  Be looking for both good and bad elements about industrialization.

26 October

went over the rest of the inventions on the list
handed out inventions brochure assignment
come to class on Monday and then off to the library for inventions brochure project
Great Lakes videos
Great Lakes on quiz next Friday

25 October

introduction to West/Industrialization unit

Unit Enduring Understandings:

Settlement of the Western Frontier offered many new economic opportunities and challenges, but also caused tragedy and ruin for many Native American cultures.

For America there would be winners and losers, which would include the many “New Immigrants” as the nation became more industrialized during the late 19th century.

Development of new technologies transforms all aspects of society.

We did some fun drawings of technology that helped Americans settle the Plains, although the Indians had been there for a long time and had done well with their technology.
train, barbed wire, windmill, plow and sod house

24 October

more west slides
describe each of these:  Arches National Park, pika, Amanche Internment Camp, Bonneville Salt Flats

all fifty states will be fair game for Friday's quiz

23 October

the West
      starts at 98 degrees west
      sparsely populated except cities
      few trees except mountains, by streams and in
      high in elevation
      looked at some slides- west pictures

19 October

      after the Civil War (1865-1877)
      putting the southern states back into the US
President Johnson was impeached
      impeached means to be accused of a crime
13th Amendment (1865)- ended slavery
14th Amendment (1868)- said African Americans
      were US citizens     
15th Amendment (1870)- black men could vote

16 October

major battles
     Ft. Sumter
          first shooting of the war
      Bull Run
          first major battle of the war
          Confederate victory
           single bloodiest day of the war
           Union victory after which Lincoln issued
           his Emancipation Proclamation
       Appomattox Court House
           basically ends the war
           Lee surrendered to Grant

12 October

watched more of the Civil War video
General Jackson (South)
      Valley Campaign in 1862
              attacked Union forces and moved fast to next attack
              kept Union forces around Washington DC so they could not help General McClellan
      nickname was Stonewall
General Lee (South)
      willing to attack
      did the unexpected
      knew how to beat McClellan
General Magruder (South)
      tricked McClellan into thinking Magruder had more men than he did
General Grant (North)
       very aggressive and calm under fire
        lost first day at Shiloh but fought back the next day and won the battle- did not give up
General Sherman (North)
        march to Savannah from Atlanta
        good general

quiz tomorrow

11 October

talked about life of a soldier
       most were farmers
       average age was 25- some much younger
       most of the time in camps training and bored
       1-2 months of the year spent marching
        2 weeks or so of the year spent fighting
Ft. Sumter
      in Charleston SC
      North had to go on the offensive but Lincoln did not want the North to fire the first shot
      Lincoln told SC that supply ship was headed to Ft. Sumter
      SC fired on the fort which caused folks in the North to rally around the flag and join the army
      nobody died in the atttack

10 October

1860 map and questions
border states-  slave states that did not secede
     secede means to leave the country
     MO, KY, DE, MD and later WV
     B states on your map

6 October

civil war-  war within a country
Civil War
      North vs. South

North                             South

blue                                gray and red
USA                               CSA  (Confederate
                                       States of America)
wanted to keep               wanted to break away and
country together              form own country
Yankees                          Rebels
Billy Yank                      Johnny Reb
General Grant                General Lee
President Lincoln           President Jefferson Davis
Washington DC              Richmond

5 October

worked on timelines
read chapter on President Lincoln- president during the Civil War
Civil War - 1861-1865

2 October

new states this week are TX, OK, KS, NE, SD, and ND
new land in the 1840s led to big debate about slavery in that land
     north got California as a free state
     south got a Fugitive Slave Law
            fugitive slave was an escaped slave
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
       said people in KS and NE territories could
       vote to decide if slave or not slave territory
       led to violent conflict between pro slavery
       and anti slavery people- hundreds died

28 September

completed Manifest Destiny map
Manifest Destiny
       the idea the US would expand coast to coast

27 September

War of 1812
      1812-1814 or 1815
       US against Great Britain
       Why did US go to war?
              stated reason was to protect shipping
              try to get Canada
        last major battle was New Orleans  (1815)
        Treaty of Ghent ended war (1814)

year without summer- 1816 due to massive volcanic eruptions in the Pacific

colored Manifest Destiny map

26 September

War of 1812 map homework is due tomorrow
went over yesterday's worksheet on chapter 30 (War of 1812)
Why did the US declare war on Britain in 1812?
short video on muskets and the War of 1812
privateer- private ship with permission to attack enemy merchant ships
Defense of Ft. McHenry
Battle of New Orleans

25 September

get homework- map due Wednesday
read chapter 30 and complete the worksheet on the War of 1812
new states for this week are Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, and Louisiana

21 September

US declared independence from Britain in 1776
US Constitution was written in 1787
Louisiana Purchase 1803-  bought from France
Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery explored the Louisiana Purchase from 1804-1806
idea of rivers as highways
complete Louisiana Purchase map

homework due tomorrow- Growth of US by 1860 map

quiz tomorrow with all states east of the Mississippi River

20 September

Articles of Confederation
      US government before the Constitution
      made a weak central government
in 1787 the Constitution written to replace Articles
Great Compromise
        part of the Constitution
        deals with representation in Congress
        large states wanted representation based on population
        small states wanted each state represented equally
        compromise was to have House of Representatives based on population and the Senate each
        state having two senators
looked at drawings from life in 1805- be able to tell three things about life then
Google Earth and the Mississippi River

19 September

library for compromises project

18  September

cool song about compromises
make sure you know all of the states east of the Mississippi River
tariff is a tax on imports
fun article on dairy farming in New England
      importance of railroads in transporting milk
      importance of cutting ice from ponds for refergeration

15 September

make up quiz
new states for next week's quiz:  WI, MI, IN, IL, AL, and MS
make up questions
     Where and when was the US Constitution written?  The Declaration of Independence?
     What was the USS Becuna and when was it active?
     What battles was the USS Olympia involved in?
     Where are these two boats now?
     Why were whales hunted in the 19th century?
     What is a Nantucket sleigh ride?

14 September

Patrick Henry
     became a lawyer
     against the Stamp Act
            Britain made Stamp Act to pay for
            the French and Indian War
            Henry said tax unfair because colonists
            had no say on the tax
disputes over taxes led to American Revolution
American Revolution
       goal of Americans was to break away from
       Britain and form own country
       first battle in Lexington and Concord MA
                 April 1775
       Battle of Saratoga in NY in 1777
                 Americans won so French helped the
       last battle in Yorktown VA in 1781

quiz tomorrow

11 September

new states this week are VT, WV, KY, TN, and OH
talked about the Clark House museum
field trip on Wednesday- get to class early
read chapter 9 about Patrick Henry
French and Indian War (1754-1763) was very expensive so the British government started to tax the American colonists more to help pay for the war
         the colonists resisted
         this would lead to the American Revolution starting in 1775
remember to ask me about Newcastle, Paul Revere and 1774

6 September

finished going over industrial revolution worksheet
labor movement-  workers trying to get better working conditions
Industrial Revolution was in the early 1800s and was when making things went from hand made at home to machine made in mills and factories
textile mills make cloth
early mills were powered by water
mechanized means using machines to get work done
mass production is making lots of the same thing with machines
circumvented- getting around a rule

We worked on history of your town.  Be able to tell about three things you learned about your town.

Map homework is due Friday.

7 September


  1. a country or area under the full or partial  control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country.

first Europeans to have a colony in America was the Spanish in Florida

first permanent English colony in America was Jamestown in Virginia- settled in 1607

1754 map
1754 Britain and France go to war
      Britain won
      General Wolfe (Wolfeboro) won a 
      big battle in Quebec
      1763 war ends and and France is kicked
       out of North America

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