make up work and class notes

Make sure you check this page if you are absent. It is also a good idea to check in preparation for the Friday quizzes.  If you miss a quiz or test you will have until the following Friday to make it up.

You will take a test in June on the fifty states, five Great Lakes, ten cities and 15 rivers.  I expect several 100s.

14 June

Flag Day
worked on civil rights questions- due tomorrow

13 June

Travis' birthday
worked on civil rights questions- see me for handout
civil rights questions due Friday
geography for Friday's quiz will be states

11 June

Cold War quiz
talked about the Clark House Museum

7 June

How does detente relate to the US in the early 1970s?
How did glasnost and perestroika impact the Soviet Union?
work on projects

5 June

When was the Korean War?
Why did the US get involved in Korea?
What did the iron curtain divide?
How could containment be related to the domino theory?
What is a U-2?
Who came to power in Cuba in 1959?
What was the result of the Bay of Pigs invasion?
How could the Cuban missile crisis be related to the Bay of Pigs invasion?
Why did East Germany build a wall in Berlin in 1961?

4 June

    end of Berlin blockade and airlift
    NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
         created to protect western Europe from  a
         Soviet attack
    Soviets developed the bomb
    communists take over China
 Korean War
     1950 North Korea invaded South Korea
     North was communist
     cease fire (armistice) 1953
     ended up about where things started 

work on games

31 May

cold war- conflict without shooting
Cold War
      about 1946-1989
      west                        east
      US                          USSR
      western Europe      eastern Europe
      Japan                      China
      capitalism               socialism
      democracy              dictatorship
      more religious        atheistic
Red Scare- fear of communism

containment- stop the spread of communism

first half of cause and effect worksheet is fair game for the quiz

geography part of the quiz will be rivers

29 May

library time for essays
FDR essay due tomorrow

24 May

library time for FDR essays

essay needs these things
      clear thesis in introduction
      works cited
      in text citations
      cover both Great Depression and WWII
      include information that would challenge your thesis

1920s-WWII test tomrrow

23 May

Pacific Theater video

Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor?
explain the following things;
      island hopping
      Battle of Midway
      Battle of the Coral Sea
      Japanese internment
      Mt. Surabachi
      Rosie the Riveter
library tomorrow to work on essays- come to class first

22 May

primary source questions are due tomrrow
We will be in the library on Thursday  to work on the FDR essays.

for the following tell when and where these events took place and why each is important
      Operation Torch
      D-Day (Operation Overlord)
      Battle of the Bulge
      concentration camps

21 May

geography for Friday's unit test on 1920s-WWII
    Germany      USSR       Japan       Poland        France        Italy        Hawaii
    Philippines   UK           China       Mediterranean Sea       French Indochina

get exam review sheet

complete questions on primary sources- due Wednesday

18 May

fun quiz
trip to Washington DC

17 May

World War II
    US entered war because of the Japanese attack
    on Pearl Harbor- 7 December 1941
two sides during WWII
two theaters of operation

video on WWII deaths- link on 1920s-WWII page

15 May

pump priming (economics)-  government spends money to help get the economy moving again- what the New Deal attempted to do

watched music video- Song of the South- "daddy got a job with the TVA, he bought a washing machine and a Chevrolet"
      idea of Kensyian economics- idea of deficit spending and pump priming

FDR video

remember the essay:
Franklin Roosevelt was a great president and deserves to be on the dime.  Attack or defend the preceding statement.

homework due Monday:
       take notes on chapter 22 as it relates to the essay
       need both positive and negative info about FDR
       put in own words
       identify source
       don't need complete sentences
       ok to abbreviate
       get a study sweatshirt

14 May

geography for Friday are the following rivers
        Columbia    Missouri
        Yukon         Delaware
         Tennessee  Rio Grande
         Platte         Connecticut

explain the ideas of relief, recovery and reform as they relate to the New Deal and the alphabet soup agencies-  . see 1920s-WWII page for information on relief, recovery and reform

look at the list of agencies on p. 671 and indicate for each if it is mostly relief, recovery or reform

10 May

cities for tomorrow's geography portion of the quiz
FDR notes on 1920s-WWII page of the blog
complete worksheet on Hoover, Roosevelt and the role of government
explain historians e and f and what each saw as the cause of the Depression
What difference does it make what the cause of the Depression was?

8 May

owning stock means you own part of a corporation

bonds are loans to government or corporations

risk and return- the higher the rate of return the riskier the investment usually is

what determines the price of stock
      supply and demand
      expected earnings of the corporation

two ways to make money with stocks
     sell it for more than you paid
     share of the profits- dividends

 buy stock on margin
       you borrow money to buy stock

7 May

groups and 1920s documents
de jure means true in law so de jure segregation

2 May

Why did the US join the war?
       unrestricted submarine warfare
       Zimmerman Note
             attempt to get Mexico in the war on
             Germany's side

1 May

countries for Friday's quiz
    France, Italy, Russia, Poland, Ottoman Empire,
    Germany, Great Britain, Belgium,
     Austria-Hungary, and Mexico
WW I start 1914
US in WWI  1917
war ended 11 November 1918
spark that started WWI was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary
long term causes of WWI
      alliances- could pull other countries into the
              could encourage aggressive behavior
       imperialism- competition for colonies
       nationalism- extreme patriotism
       militarism- when military is in control or has
             great influence

get u-boat article and write a summary- pay special attention to Germany's gamble

30 April

get World War I map, label the countries on the 1914 map and color in the Allies and Central Powers
make a time line of events in Mexico and US/Mexico relations from 1911-1920  (pp. 612-614)
add these events to that timeline
           World War I began in Europe in 1914
           US entered World War I in 1917
           fighting ends 11 November 1918
countries for Friday's quiz are:  France, Italy, Russian, Poland, Ottoman Empire, Germany, Great Britain, Belgium, Austria-Hungary and Mexico

chapter 20 study guide is due Wednesday, 2 May

19 April

geography on tomorrow's quiz-
          Alaska            Hawaii
          Cuba               Puerto Rico
          Columbia        Panama
          Spain               Great Britain
          Russia             China
          Japan               Philippines
take notes on chapter 20

things to pay attention to:
           Alaska                      Hawaii
           Influence of Sea Power
           yellow journalism    USS Maine
           land gained in Spanish-American War
           Anti-Imperialist League
           getting the Canal Zone
           Monroe Doctrine      Roosevelt Corollary
           Treaty of Portsmouth

17 April

imperialism- creating an empire
empire- a country expanding to distant lands
             a country taking over other countries
Why was the US interested in building an empire in the late 19th century?
     increase in power
     markets for economic growth
     white man's burden
            idea that Europe and US were superior so 
            they needed to civilize and Christianize
            the rest of the world

12 April

intro and conclusion
     intro should clearly state your thesis
do not ignore contradictory evidence
     1. show why it is wrong
     2.  minimize contradictory info
include works cited
 include in text citations
4-5 pages plus works cited
make an outline

worked on essays

11 April

get articles and write a summary of each- Riis and Addams, Wolfeboro trains and women and bikes

US Constitutional amendments
     16th  1913-  income tax
      17th 1913-  direct election of senators
      18th  1918-  prohibition of alcohol
      19th  1919- women's right to vote

women's suffrage video- link to making the video on the industrialization page of the blog

10 April

Progressive Era
     about 1900 to about 1920
      mostly urban
      more middle class or above
      two major areas of reform
                   restore competition
                   trusts- break them up
                   safe products
                   basic idea was to give people more
                   say in government
                   direct election of  US senators
                   state level other reforms
                            recall election
        investigative journalists
        write about problems in society
        included photographers too
Did progressives agree with laissez-faire?

get muckraker articles and write a summary of each of the three excerpts
9 April

read Populist Party platform- make sure you understand it
Was the Populist Party a waste of time?
all states and the Great Lakes are fair game for the Friday quiz

6 April

Thomas Nast
     political caroonist
     mid to late 19th century
     created symbols for US, Democrats and Republicans
symbols- image that represents something else
donkey- Democrats
elephant- Republicans
Uncle Sam- United States
capital building- Congress

we looked

4 April

fun and exciting midterm exam

remember the political cartoon for Friday

3 April

labor union- group of workers to have more of
    a say in working condition
    goals of unions
          better pay
          better hours
          better working conditions
Knights of Labor
     started around 1870
     for all workers
     died out late 1880s
American Federation of Labor  (AFL)
     formed in 1886
     skilled workers
     craft unions
     long time president was Sam Gompers
American Railway Union
     started 1893
     president was Eugene Debs
     for all railroad workers
exam tomorrow- do well

looked at possible answers to chart questions   

2 April

homework for Friday- turn in a political cartoon

de·hu·man·ize   (  (dē-hyo͞o′mə-nīz′)
tr.v. de·hu·man·izedde·hu·man·iz·ingde·hu·man·iz·es
1. To deprive of human qualities such as individuality, compassion, or civility: slaves who had been dehumanized bytheir abysmal condition.
2. To render mechanical and routine.

de·hu′man·i·za′tion (-mə-nĭ-zā′shən) n.

looked at political cartoons- see link on industrialization page

midterm review is due Wednesday the 4th

discussion on town population questions

potato famine in Ireland (top line)

How might the following information be related to our local towns' population numbers?  What is the mistake in the following information?

The Governor's Road

January 20. 2014 2:20PM

Route 16
Wakefield, NH
Marker Number: 123
Name and date established: Wakefield 1978
Description: This name was given to the highway from Portsmouth to Governor John Wentworth's summer estate in Wolfeboro. Passing through Newington, it crossed the Piscataqua River at Knight's Ferry to Dover. From Rochester it skirted Teneriffe Mountain to Middleton Four Corners. Rounding Moose Mountain to Union Meadows it passed through Brookfield, arriving at Wentworth House. The fifty-mile highway was completed in 1769.

Location: Located west of Sanbornville, on the east side of Route 16, south of its junction with Route 169.

29 March

finished Janek video
example of stinky cities due to rapid population growth- see me for handout and summarize it

Urbanization is a population shift from rural to urban (city) areas, "the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas", and the ways in which each society adapts to the change. It is predominantly the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more people begin living and working in central areas.

quiz tomorrow with the 48 mainland states for the geography part

28 March

first restriction on immigration was 1882
       Chinese Exclusion Act
old immigration
       northern and western Europe
new immigration
       southern and eastern Europe
       about 1890-1924
Why come to the US?
     pull factors- jobs, prosperity, freedom
     push factors- discrimination, poverty,

started watching the Janek video

27 March

ice cutting questions due tomrrow
watched Pittsburgh video- write one page on Andrew Carnegie, steel and Pittsburgh
looked at factors of production, vertical integration and the business cycle
get Homestead Steel Strike article

26 March

48 mainland states are fair game for Friday's quiz

horizontal integration- expanding a business at the same level

economies of scale- as a business gets bigger its cost of production per unit goes down

business cycle- economy goes through ups and downs

laissez-faire- government stays out of the economy

market economy- capitalism

social Darwinism- competition in society will bring the best to the top

inflation- general rise in prices

deflation- general decline in prices

labor movement- workers trying to better their working conditions usually with unions

factors of production- 
      raw materials (land)
      capital (machinery, not money)
      proportional (flat)- same rate no matter the income
      progressive (graduated) - tax rate increases as income increases
      regressive- tax rate declines as income increases
21 March

watched Heartland
read article on Elinore Pruitt Stewart and write a summary and reaction
     This article would make interesting reading for those of you who were here to see the film as it
     tells more about her than what was in the film.  It also shows the real story that is a bit different
    from the movie.

    The link to the article is on the Industrialization Unit page.

20 March

cool things in chapter 16
     Quannah Parker
     Little Big Horn
     Ft. Laramie treaties
     Dawes Act
     Homestead Act
     Carlisle Indian School
     barb wire
     cattle drives
     impact of railroads
     Nicodemus KS
     sod houses
     mining in the Black Hills, the Sierra Nevada and Colorado
     wild west shows
     Mormon question
19 March

trip out west
write a descriptive paragraph about each of these places
          Yellowstone National Park, Ft. Mandan, Ft. Clatsop, Bonneville Salt Flats

read chapter 16

16 March

enjoyed the play and a contest
read chapter 16

15 March

econ- study of how societies satisfy unlimited wants with limited resources

capitalism- econ system in which individuals own the means of production, private business, price determined by supply and demand, basically what the US has

socialism- government owned means of production

robber baron- usually not nice term for very rich business owner, ruthless competition 

trust- business organization that combines several companies under one management team usually resulting in less competition

depression- severe economic downturn, high unemployment

vertical integration- a business controlling several steps in the production of a product

14 March

the west
     begins at 98 degrees west
     few trees except in the mountains, yard, and
     along some streams
     high in elevation
     outside of cities it is very sparsely populated
12 March

new states are ND, SD, NE, KS, OK, and TX

get primary sources and write a summary of each
complete Reconstruction questions handout which can be found on the Civil War page

7 March

Hundreds of thousands of men were needed to fight in the war.  At first many were excited to join the armies on both sides.  This enthusiasm was not enough with the result being that neither side could continue to rely solely on volunteers.  When the number of volunteers fell both sides relied on conscription, or drafting men into the war.  Of course rich folks could avoid the war.  In the North a man could pay $300 to avoid being drafted.  In the South owning twenty slaves or more would exempt you from the draft.  Overall most soldiers were volunteers.

To pay for the war both sides borrowed a great deal.  The North instituted an income tax and both sides had tariffs in imports.  Of course with the blockade there was limited trade in the South.  The Confederacy also resorted to printing money which led to disastrous inflation.

Question #28 refers to how they paid for the war.

border states were slave states that did not secede
     MD, DE, MO, KY, and later WV

Ft. Sumter
     first shooting of the Civil War
Bull Run
      first major battle of the war
      Confederate victory
      bloodiest single day of the war
      close enough to a Union victory
      Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation
      biggest battle
      some call it the turning point of the war
      big victory for North
      Union victory
      basically gave the North control of the
      Mississippi River
Appomattox Court House
       Lee Surrendered to Grant

new technologies
      Hunley (submarine)
      observation balloons
      rifled muskets
quiz on Friday- homework due too

6 March

advantages of the North
      President Lincoln
      established government
      more industry
      more people
      world opinion generally against slavery
      more soldiers
      more farms
      larger navy
advantages of the South
      cotton which turned out not as important as
      Confederates had hoped
      some very limited help from Britain
      home field advantage
      some historians say S had better generals
      more of a reason to fight

goal of South was to break away form their own
country and maintain slavery

goal of the N was to keep the country together

Which side had to go on the offensive?  N
homework due Friday

5 March

new states for Friday's quiz
      MN, IA, MO, AR, LA, IL and WI

civil war-war within a nation

Civil War- refers to US civil war 1861-1865

North                           South

USA                             Confederate States of 
                                     America  (CSA)
blue                              gray/red
President Lincoln         President Jefferson Davis
Washington DC            Richmond
General Ulysses S Grant
                                      General Robert E. Lee
General Sherman          General "Stonewall"
Battle Hymn of the Republic
Yankees                         Rebels
Billy Yank                     Johnny Reb

listened to a cool song- Johnny Reb

23 February

write a paragraph or two about Independence Hall in Philadelphia
same for the USS Olympia and USS Becuna

22 February

compromises test

19 February

explain the following:
       Compromise of 1850
       Kansas-Nebraska Act
       popular sovereignty
       New England Emigrant Aid Company
       Bleeding Kansas

Crittenden Compromise
      North and South
      last ditch attempt to prevent a civil war- it did
      not work

compromises part two and timeline due tomorrow      

16 February

get review sheet for Tuesday's test- on the home page of the blog
explain:  William Lloyd Garrison and the Liberator 
               the Missouri Compromise

15 February

complete map and chart

Manifest Destiny
      the idea that the US would spread to the west

Webster-Ashburton Treaty
    between the US and Britain
    settled the border between the US and British Canada- area of Maine, New Hampshire and Min

Oregon Treaty
     between the US and Britain
     settled border between the US and Canada in the Pacific Northwest

14 February

new states for Friday's quiz are MS, AL, TN and MI

complete 1803 map- Louisiana Purchase

What was the Year With No Summer?
             year with no summer information

Battle of New Orleans song
What other song did we talk about that was related to the War of 1812?
            info about that poem/song

War of 1812
     between the US and Britain
     Treaty of Ghent 1814 ended the war but Battle of New Orleans fought three weeks later due
     to slow communication.
     status quo ante bellum means going back to the conditions that existed before the war- which
     means no land lost by either side

tariff- tax on imports
general rule the North liked higher tariffs
     made imports more expensive
     people would buy US made stuff
South usually wanted lower tariffs
1828 Tariff of Abominations- high tariffs
1832 higher tariffs
1833 compromise tariff lowered tariffs over several years

Turn in compromises part 1.

13 February

US bought the Louisiana Territory in 1803 from
strict construction (interpretation)
      Jefferson's idea
      government can only do exactly what Const. 
      if Const. doesn't say gov. can do it then they
      makes for a weak central gov.
loose construction (interpretation) 
      if Const. doesn't forbid it then gov. can do it
      makes for a stronger central gov.     
trade compromises
     part of the Constitution
     between North and South
     South wanted no restrictions on slave trade (importation of slaves)
                            no tariffs on exports
                            2/3 vote on trade legislation (in Congress)
     North wanted to be able to restrict slave trade
                            a simple majority vote on trade legislation
     compromise was importing slaves could not be banned before 1808
                                 no tax on exports
                                 simple majority vote on trade legislation
looked at drawings about life around 1800
compromises part one due tomorrow

12 February

complete 1783 map
explain the significance of these battles
      Lexington and Concord
4 July 1776
Articles of Confederation
     US government before the Constitution
     weak central government
explain what and when these events were
     Olive Branch Petition
     3/5 compromise
     Great Compromise
    Assumption Bill (Compromise of 1790)
compromises part one worksheet is due Wednesday
go to the compromises page and watch the musket demonstration video- then write a summary

8 February

worked in library
quiz tomorrow
essay due tomorrow
Olive Branch Petition people be read tomorrow

7 February

Enjoy your snow day.  The British government was right essay is now due Friday.

6 February

worked on compromise projects in the library

5 February

complete pre-Revolution events worksheet
went over new states for Friday's quiz- listed on unit sheet

2 February

make up quiz
check for new states for next Friday's quiz
get handout on compromises project

1 February

quiz tomorrow
map homework due tomorrow
1754 and 1763 maps
French and Indian War
     between the French and the British
     George Washington and his men basically started the war with a confrontation with the
     French near what is now Pittsburgh PA
     Wolfeboro is named for British war hero General James Wolfe who won at the battle at
     Quebec- he died in the process
     French lost their land in North America
     Ben Franklin said colonists were very loyal to the British government

What was the first European country to have a permanent colony in what is now the United States?

How could it be said that General Wolfe's victory at Quebec in 1759 led to the American Revolution?

Read chapter 5; all the cool kids are doing it.

30 January 2018

handed out unit sheet and map homework
map homework due Friday
complete pretest
looked at artifacts
        turnbuckle made in Wolfeboro
        computer punch card
        8 track tape
talked about different things included in history
        world wars- maybe more than 2
        government action
        economic conditions
        the way people lived- see artifacts above
looked at the blog    
When was George Washington born and why you should be able to get within fifteen years of the correct answer.    

read chapter 5

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